Leukemia is a cancer in which the body produces a what is leukemia large number of ( usually white ) abnormal blood cells . Approximately 28,500 new cases of leukemia are diagnosed each year. There are several types of leukemia , grouped as either acute ( the diseases progresses rapidly ) or chronic ( slowly progressive disease ) . Leukemia are the most common:
Acute lymphatic's leukemia (ALL ), what is leukemia comprising 90% of all leukemia in children ( but also occurs in adults)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AMYL ) occurs mainly in adults
Chronic lymphocyte leukemia (CALL ), which primarily affects adults over 55
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CM ) occurs mainly in adults
What is leukemia What are the causes?
Most cases of leukemia are known . There are several genetic and environmental factors are associated with childhood leukemia. The disease has also been associated with exposure to large amounts of high-energy radiation (nuclear bomb) , occupational exposure to the chemical benzene , viral infections, and chemicals from cigarettes.
If you or your child have symptoms associated with leukemia , consult your health care provider . The doctor can make a diagnosis and to help what is leukemia determine which treatment or combination of treatments work best . The doctor will perform a physical examination , checking swollen lymph liver, spleen and lymph nodes , and order certain lab tests. The bone marrow is examined for leukemia cells or to determine the type of leukemia.
A lumbar puncture ( " spinal what is leukemia tap " ) verifies the leukemia cells in the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Chest X-rays can reveal signs of disease in the chest.