Signs of leukemia in children many of these symptoms have other causes, and in most cases they are not leukemia. However, it is important that your child's doctor know about them right away if the cause is found and treated , if necessary. Fatigue (tiredness) , pale skin anemia (lack of red blood cells) can make a child feel tired, weak, dizzy , or short of breath . It can also cause pale skin . Infections and fever signs of leukemia in children: A child with leukemia may develop a fever. This is often due to infection, which can not be improved even with antibiotics . This is due to a lack of normal white blood cells , which normally help fight infection. Although children with leukemia may have very high numbers of white blood cells , leukemia cells do not protect signs of leukemia in children against infection the way normal white blood cells . Fever is also sometimes caused by the same leukemia cells which release certain chemicals in the body.
Easy bruising or bleeding : A child with leukemia may bruising, frequent nosebleeds and bleeding gums , or bleeding from small cuts too . There may be the size of red spots on the skin caused by bleeding from small blood vessels. This comes from a lack of blood signs of leukemia in children platelets , which normally stops the bleeding by plugging holes in damaged blood vessels . Bone or joint pain : Some children with leukemia have pain in the bones or joints. This accumulation is leukemia cells near the surface of the bone or inside the joint. Swelling of the abdomen (tummy) : leukemia cells can accumulate in the liver and spleen , causing it to enlarge. This can manifest as a fullness or bloating. The lower signs of leukemia in children ribs usually cover these organs, but when enlarged the doctor can often feel.
Loss of appetite, weight loss: If the spleen and / or liver become large enough, they can press against other organs such as the stomach . This can limit the amount of food you can eat , leading to loss of appetite and signs of leukemia in children weight loss over time . Swollen lymph nodes : some leukemia spread to the lymph nodes. The child, a parent, or health care professional as nodes may notice lumps under the skin in certain areas of the body (egg , on the sides of the neck, armpit, above the collarbone , or groin ) . The lymph nodes in the chest or abdomen may also swell, but these can not be detected by imaging signs of leukemia in children tests such as CT or MR.
Lymph nodes are enlarged when fighting an infection, especially among infants and children . Lymph node in a child is often a sign of infection of leukemia, but should be checked by a doctor and monitoring. Cough or difficulty breathing : the type of acute T lymphocytes leukemia ( ALL) cells often affects the thymus, a small organ in the signs of leukemia in children chest behind the sternum ( breastbone ) and front of the windpipe (trachea ) . Thymus or lymph nodes in the chest may put pressure on the trachea. This can lead to coughing or difficulty breathing.
Swelling of the face and arms : The superior even cave ( C.V. ) , a large vein that carries blood from the signs of leukemia in children head and arms towards the heart , passes next to the thymus. The growth of the accumulation of cells in the thymus leukemia can press the C.V. causing blood to "bump" in the veins. This is known as C.V. syndrome . It can cause swelling of the face , neck , arms and chest ( sometimes with a red-blue skin). It can also cause headaches , dizziness and a change in consciousness if it affects the brain. signs of leukemia in children this syndrome can be life threatening and should be treated immediately.
Headaches , convulsions , vomiting : A small number of children with leukemia that has already spread to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) at diagnosis . Headache, trouble concentrating , weakness , convulsions, vomiting, balance problems and blurred vision may be signs of spread in the central nervous system. Rashes, gum problems : In children with acute myeloid leukemia (MALL) signs of leukemia in children, leukemia cells can spread to the gums , causing inflammation , pain and bleeding. If it has spread in the skin, it can cause dark spots that resemble common rashes. A collection of MALL cells in the skin or in other parts of the body is called chloral or granulocytic sarcoma .
Extreme tiredness, weakness, a rare but very serious complication of MALL is extreme tiredness , weakness and speech . This can occur when a large number of leukemia cells causes the blood to become too thick and a slow flow through the signs of leukemia in children small blood vessels in the brain .